HIN 5502 Hindu Temples and Architecture 3 credits
Study of ancient medieval and contemporary styles: Harappa, Maurya; Ashoka’s times; Persian and Greek influences; under various kings from south to Kashmir, east to west. This course explores the emergence and development of the Hindu temple (Mandir), examines the relationship between form and function, rituals, iconography, and emphasizes the importance of considering temple sculpture and architecture together. While focusing on Hindu temples, also includes significantmonuments as well as shrines built to the Jain and Buddhist faiths.
The course will provide insight into Hindu temples, their form and architecture in ancient and contemporary times. Various philosophies and mythology underlying temples and architectural styles will also be discussed. There are no prerequisites for enrolling in the course.
The course consists of six sessions delivered on a weekly basis.
- Topic One: Basic Hinduism FAQs.
- Topic Two: A brief timeline of Hinduism, temples and architecture.
- Topic Three: An overview of Hindu Gods and Goddesses.
- Topic Four: The Hindu Temple- understanding its form and architecture.
- Topic Five: Detailed discussions on major temples, monuments and shrines.
- Topic Six: Global perspective.
- Regular class attendance is obviously a must. Although the format will vary from week to week, depending on the material being covered, in general we will divide our time equally between background information/lecture, videos, and discussion of the reading. Please be sure to attend class each week ready to discuss the assigned material.
- There will be two exams, due as indicated in the syllabus below.
- There will be one final essay consisting of 2000 words. The essay topic shall be related to Hindu festivals and will be of your own choosing. The essay topic shall be selected in consultation and approval by the instructor.
- Please be sure to familiarize yourself with the expectations of academic honesty found in the Hindu University of America(HUA) Catalog. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense, and all cases—without exception—will be reported to the HUA School administration.
Grading: Your overall grade for the course will be calculated as follows:
First exam 25%
Second exam 25%
Final essay 35%
Class participation 15%
Required Reading (Purchase of Books optional)
- James C. Harle, The Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent (Pelican History of Art). New York, 1986.
- George Michell, The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms, New York, 1977 (Chicago University Press paperback).
- Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, Essays in Early Indian Architecture, ed. Michael W. Meister, Oxford University Press, 1993.
- VinayakeBharne, Rediscovering the Hindu Temple: The Sacred Architecture and Urbanism of India, Cambridge Scholars Publishing (November 1, 2012), ISBN- 13: 978-1443841375
- Hindu India: From Khajuraho to the Temple City of Madurai, Henri Stierlin, AnneStierlin · Taschen · Hardback · 237 pages · ISBN 3822876496, Publisher: Taschen 1998.
- History of Hindu Temples – http://hinduism.about.com/od/temples/a/historyoftemple.htm
- The Hindu Temple, where man becomes God- http://www.exoticindiaart.com/article/hindutemple
- A Brief History of Hindu Temples- Introduction, Symbology, Construction, Essential Parts, Iconography, Religious Rites and Ceremonies- http://www.sanathanadharma.com/temple/history.htm
- Templenet, Indian Temple Architecture- http://www.templenet.com/arch.html
- History of Hinduism- http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab75
- Outstanding Hindu Temples and Monuments- http://www.wondermondo.com/Attractions/RelH.htm
- Inside Hinduism ebook, Ch 3 and 4: https://books.google.com/books?id=w7ZX9rh-4AsC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=hindu+festivals+ebook&source=bl&ots=u2nxgkRBjG&sig=HNmqWU0OOZtF3SNwAFmr-0Q- C5M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Gvc3VZWLFoT7sASUp4H4Bw&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=hindu%20festivals%20ebook&f=false
- Hinduism at a Glance: https://www.himalayanacademy.com
- Basics of Hinduism: http://hinduism.about.com/od/basics/
- Culture of India: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_India
- Hindu Culture: http://hinduonline.co/hinduCulture.html
- Hindu Gods and Goddesses: http://hinduism.about.com/od/godsgoddesses/